Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Most Feared And Successful Pirate Captain Of The...

For about two years, the notorious pirate, Blackbeard, was a glorious legend. Staring out as a privateer crew member, he would soon became the most feared and successful pirate captain of the infamous Queen Anne’s Revenge. This all became fact when, at the start of the eighteenth century, precious matter was found in the Americas. Rumors started to spread about these incredible amounts of fabulous goods and was soon to be known all over Europe. As a result, due to all these European ships bringing in their precious treasure and making very good money trading these goods, the attraction for privateers came into play. Also known as the War of Spanish Succession, Europeans legalized these privateers to attack and capture enemy ships along North America. As time goes on, these privateers, such as Blackbeard, become extremely independent and start only fighting for their own benefit-pirates. This is where Blackbeard’s legend begins. As of today there is still almost no info rmation on Blackbeard’s previous life before he became a privateer crew member. Not even his real name can be identified. Although, it is believed that Blackbeard is from Bristol, a port in western England. However, his surname is Edward Teach and has two other variations of Thatch or Thach. According to Lee, â€Å"Teach was a tall man, robust and broad-shouldered†¦His eyebrows were phenomenally bushy and bristly†¦His broad hat and outer regalia,† meaning apparel, â€Å"were frequently black, and he usually wore knee

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Demonetization in India - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2312 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2018/12/18 Category Economics Essay Type Research paper Level High school Tags: Economy Essay India Essay Did you like this example? There are many reasons that can lead to demonetization of a banknote. But in most cases, it is not easy for such to happen and for this to take place there must be many issues to support the same. India is one of the countries that did change its banknotes. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Demonetization in India" essay for you Create order Several reasons accompany this achievement. This paper will analyze the 2016 Indian Banknote Demonetization through the notions of epistemology and methodology, based on the theories that are described in the books written by Niccol Machiavelli and Karl Marx. Next, will then explain the possible motivations and ambitions behind this event, by each theorist. Finally, this paper will further illustrate the general responses, which Machiavelli and Marx will call for in consonance with their theories written in their books. On November 8th, 2016, the Indian government, led by Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, announced the demonetization of all previous Mahatma Gandhi series Rupees with the face values of 500 and 1000, through an unscheduled live televised address to the nation. The policy was activated since the midnight of the announcement date, and citizens who held the demonetized currencies had a time limit of 50 days to exchange for the new currencies. The plan to demonetize was kept highly confidential within a group less than ten people and had been furtively planned for over six months before the announcement day (Mali, 2016). The Cabinet of Indian Government was only informed followed by the Prime Ministers announcement to the public. Posterior to the report, Urjit Patel, the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India explained this event as a counter-terrorism action due to the severe amount of forgery currencies that were existing in the Indian economic system. During his statement, he also claims that this event was designed in efforts to against corruptions and tax evasions in India. Throughout the Prince and the Discourses, one of the most significant responsibilities for the ruler of the state Machiavelli emphasizes is that to establish and maintain the stability of the state. Considering the changes in time, in the case of this event, the Prince who is then indicated in the book can now be considered as paralleled to the main political figures within the Indian government, such as, the Prime Minister of India. Obviously, the current Indian political system is different from what is recommended in the Prince, but the essential political ideologies that he mentions in the book are universal in the field of politics. Instead of what Machiavelli has argued in the book, the most stable political system exists in the form of a mixed republic similar to the ancient Rome, the current politics in India take place within the framework of constitution. As a federal parliamentary democratic republic, India adopts the dual policy system with brunches of the state and the g overnment, each ruled by the President and the Prime Minister of India. The Indian situation is what is identified as political realism based on Machiavellis arguments. According to this author, there are many changes that can be done in a country especially that covers the countrys effectual truth of politics. These are some of the core drivers of a country that aims to maintaining stability and for a better governing of a state (Shirley, 2017). Machiavellis theories help in viewing the Indian situation in a better way. For this reason, many people can get the understanding as to why changing Indians currency was of the essence and its impact would be later felt by every person. It would solve many financial issues and many other cases that arise as a result of fake currency and also control the rate of corruption in the country. Machiavelli further emphasizes the difficulties when maintaining the stability of a state as a constant struggle. Maintaining a states stability is something that requires an upper hand in the government. This will help a country to be able to secure its activities and strategize on how to maintain peoples confidence. Machiavelli indicates, the main struggle for the prince himself happens between Virtu and Fortuna, however, to maintain the stability in a Republic, the main struggle happens between civic Virtu and corruption. Thus, renewing a corrupted state becomes essential when constructing a stable state. Corruption is a significant issue affecting many countries, it comes in many ways, and it involves many people. There are instances where prominent government officials who are supposed to lead as an example are also included in corruption. Such are some of the reasons that may lead to economic, political and social instability of a State. Based on a recent survey published by an anti-corruption organization called Transparency International, India is found to be the most corrupted countries in Asia. The results indicate that nearly seventy percent of their survey samples from India had the experience of bribery when accessed to public service. With India being affected by corruption, arises the issues on how this can be controlled. Corruption has infested India making it difficult for the ordinary citizens to run their activities smoothly. Corruption has led to a lot of losses in many Indian business premises. To demonetize the largest face values of Rupees, which will essentially create barriers for the transactions of the briberies, considering that for the individual currency exchange, which is based on their past tax reports, hence, diminishing the number of corruptions. Changing the currency is a major blow to corruption because it aids in reducing the dominating fake notes that are often used. It also lowers bri bery as this will help reduce individual currency, thus lowering amount of money in peoples possession. In the book, the Communist Manifesto written by Marx, who he offers two possible explanations to this demonetization act. In the book, one of the main focuses of Marx is the class struggle. As a big believer in history, Marx argues that the constant struggles between classes are the main reasons for most of the historical revolutions. In the book, Max writes that in many cases people in opposition because of their ideas o beliefs often feel like they are the ones write and does not consider the value of the opponents ideas. This makes them get involved in open fights. These open fights majorly end in the construction of the society because of the implementation of the new ideas, but at times it ruins what has already been made by introducing what is not fir or preferred by many. Hence, according to Marx, this demonetization act could be seen as a class resistance of the proletariats, represented and led by the Prime Minister of India. According to Marx, about the Indian situation, even though the Indian Prime minister will differently not support demonetization this will mean that there are two outcomes that will be expected from such. It is either the currency will not be changed and because of the parties differences or the currency will be changed, and it will serve a greater good purpose to the country. Either way, there will either be a positive outcome form the same or a negative one that will affect the countrys stability (Geeta, 2016). During the announcement, Modi tried to support demonetization by saying that the countrys traitors and its black marketers who mostly were involved in the use of black money will not be at a position of moving large amounts of capital. This kind of people will not find the worth of 500 rupee notes and 1,000 rupee notes. For this reasons, most of the citizens who are working hard to earn honest money will feel privileged because their rights will be protected. According to Mo di, this action happened as a counter-terrorism act with the essential purposes of protecting the earnest citizens by punishing the corrupted one trough the notion of demonetizing. It is notable that demonetization will most likely affect most of the illegal business that does not follow the right channels like money laundering. There are plenty of reasons for people to believe in Modis speech. For example, immediately after the announcement, this event became controversial in India. Nearly 20% percent of the Indian GDP paralleled from the economy and operated with near impunity. This move has also triggered the fits of anger from Modis political party, who has evidentially proven to accept cash bribes. Regardless of the resistance from the discontented bourgeois, Modi responded with a firm attitude and ambition to check the corruptions in India. Furthermore, Modis background also indicates him as a proletariat. Modi spent his childhood in a both socially and educationally disadvantaged community in India called Modh-Ghanchi-Teli. As a child, Modi helped his father to sell tea in a train station. And, just like the majority of the Indian families, he certainly did not have much to inherit from his parents. Thus, Modi can be seen as a person who belongs to the working class, based on his poor living environme nt during his childhood. And, as an educated member of the proletariat community, people have reasons to believe and categorize Modis action as a class resistance. The possible alternative explanation regarding the motivation behind this event is that this event is motivated by the common interests of the bourgeoisie. According to Marx, when it comes to resisting the dominance of the bourgeois, the working-class people should stick as a nation and operate in the concept of a union. Even though, Modis actions might be generated based on the poor, instead of the work-class people, the decision was still made by a small group of people who essentially have the highest social statuses in India. In the book, Marx writes The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class. Similarly, deciding without the consultation of the rest is indifferent from the past. Hence, an action claimed to be against the bourgeois, could, in fact, be an action of consolidating the self-interest for the bourgeois or the future bourgeois. Although, Marx has claimed that for those workers who are educated in politics by the very people, they will event ually use their education to overthrow as proletariat become more politicized. The contributions on the Indian demonetization can also be supported by the works of Pilato. Pilato was a prominent philosopher, and people respected his time. He made lots of contribution from his writings and some of the teachings he made. One of his most significant work was the Republic which her designed by Socrates who was once his teacher. Pilate identifies means through which a society can learn on the verge of discovering the real meaning of justice. In this case, India requires justice from the financial misuse, and that is to why demonetization comes fit regardless of what other officials think of its outcome (Singh, Sawhney, Kahlon, 2017). Even though there are many controversial ideas on the same, it needs to be accomplished because it seems to hold more promising achievements. Pilato compared his society to three souls, and he identified that the peasants were the societys foundation. Like in this case, it is the Indian citizens who are affected by corruption, and that is to why demonetization will be of the essence in solving their financial problems like corruption. Corruption is making the citizens spend a lot of money more than they make and this contributes to the financial crisis because most of them cannot maintain simple lives. These are those who are not capable of maintaining their businesses because of an alarming rise in corruption rates which is depleting their hard earned income. Based on Pilatos theory on the society, he identifies that everyone has a responsibility in the society and that is to why everyone should be treated with respect and their demands adhered to just like in the case of India. The issue affecting India is corruption and demonetarization seems like the perfect solution to solving this misery that is affecting the good ci tizens of the county. According to Machiavelli, when renewing a corrupted state, power has to come from the outside the system with violent interruptions. Machiavellis argument is evident in Indias situation because it is clear that the Modi who is a prime minister announced monetization without informing many officials within the government (Ganesan Gajendranayagam, 2017). This supports Machiavellis idea because this is the only way in which corruption could be stopped with a swift action that will find many participants unaware. Many government officials are always involved in corruption, and that is why there are those who were not agreeing with this method of changing the currencies. Even though monetarization was considered as a violent interruption in India, but the effects were positive, and it impacted many especially the citizens who were working hard to make substantial income free from corruption and other illegal activities like money laundering. To sum up, Indian Banknote Demonetization is one of the achievements in the countrys history. There are many issues that arose as a result of the same, but the benefit of this strategy overcame any adverse outcome. Many theorists have explained various concepts in their theories that help in understanding the ideas of the Indian situation. For instance, Niccolo Machiavelli and Karl Marx are some of the theorists who have written books that give a good understanding of the issues at stake about Banknote Demonetization in India. Demonetization in India was stimulated may many factors including urge of ending corruption which had been a significant problem in this country. References Ganesan, G., Gajendranayagam, B. (2017). Impact of demonetization on Indian Economy. IJAR, 3(9), 433-436. Mali, V. (2016). Demonetization: A step towards modified India. International Journal of Commerce and Management Research, 2(12), 35-36. Rani, Geeta. (2016) Effects of Demonetization on Retail Outlets. International Journal of Applied Resea rch 2.12): 400-401. Shirley, M. A. J. (2017). Impact of Demonetization in India. International Journal of Trend in Research and Development, 20-23. Singh, P., Sawhney, R. S., Kahlon, K. S. (2017). Sentiment analysis of demonetization of 500 1000 rupee banknotes by Indian government. ICT Express.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Oedipus Rex Free Essays

It is edifice alt to decide whether there should be a set criteria for a hero; professors use one man’s SST ROR as a basis for questioning: Oedipus Rexes. Sophocles’ play explores the adventures of a man and his actions, and how the two affected the way his life ended. He carried out m cost of Aristotle requirements for a highhanded man, including his pursuit of truth and a high stance in society. We will write a custom essay sample on Oedipus Rex or any similar topic only for you Order Now A key factor in his life was one that did not meet the standards, however: his I ace of good fortune. His tale challenges readers to brood over some important questions: What is a hero, and is it actions or fate that decides? One of the most important concepts Aristotle focuses on is one’s good fortune e. He claims that, ‘The gifts of good fortune also are commonly thought to contribute to hi kindnesses. For those who are well born are thought worthy of honor,† (Witt, 160). A person that is highhanded generally has good things happen to him. Aristotle idea is mode irately accurate; Decoys 2 people that aim for integrity usually encounter positive outcomes. Although it is out of his control, Oedipus fails to meet Aristotle standards in this division. The entire y of his bad luck is displayed during the final Antiheroes of the story: Ah Situation!†¦ When I was cast upon you, why did I not die?†¦ Then should never have shown the world my execrable birth†¦ My own blood, spilled by my own hand†¦ O marriage, marriage! That act that engendered me, and again the e act performed by the son in the same bed†¦ God hates me†¦ (Witt, 128) As Oedipus physically blinds himself, he finally reveals the truth about his life. Acknowledges being cursed as a baby and led to the land of Situation out of p tit, and the horrific actions he went on to commit thereafter; he ended up fulfilling his destiny Of murdering his father and sleeping with his mother. His whole life is spent running from the c ruse that was lain upon him, but fate brought him straight to it. Oedipus’ unruly behavior is due to his lack of good fortune a nd the unmovable hand of fate. According to Aristotle, a highhanded man’s fate tends to be positive, therefore making him more worthy of honor. In Oedipus’ case, he lost all sense of respect once his true identity was revealed, making him a step below Aristotle ‘s specifications in this area. Aristotle also portrays the ideal man as one who values and strives for the true the. In â€Å"The Highhanded Man† he states, â€Å"He must care for the truth more than for what en will think of him, and speak and act openly. He will not hesitate to say what he thinks,† (Wi TTT, 160). The man described here is constant in his beliefs and is not afraid to make them know n, no matter what the consequences are. This is an extremely important virtue for any person to have, because one cannot truly believe in anything if he/ she does not believe in themselves enough to speak openly. Oedipus exhibits this trait during his conversation with his wife’s brother Kerr Decoys 3 You murderer! Do you think I do not know that you plotted to kill me†¦ Am I†¦ A fool, that you should dream you could accomplish this?†¦ Thrones may be won or bought: you could do neither. (Witt, 116) This passage occurs after Terrifies admits his knowledge of Oedipus’ past. Up on his return, the outraged king accuses Akron of attempting to steal his throne. Oedipus, of co ruse, is wrong in his accusations, but his underlying motive is to discover the truth. His search for answers overcame his fear of losing Akron as a friend. This selfless act would be considered as hi shinnied according to Aristotle standards. High social stature is another characteristic that a man must possess in order to be considered as highhanded. In Aristotle words, â€Å"The highhanded man, then, respect of the greatness of his deserts occupies an extreme position,† (Witt, 159). A man can not be regarded as highhanded unless his position in society is high, as well. Although there are many locals, honorable men, it is nearly impossible for one to be noticed as such without b Ewing relatively famous. Oedipus is welkin, for he holds the most important rank in the cit y, as he states in the beginning of the tragedy: â€Å"†¦ L have come myself to hear you l, Oedipus, who o bears the famous name,† (Witt, 110). In this passage, the king is addressing the people o f his city regarding their wishes to speak to him. Aristotle states that a highhanded ma n must be great in all ways, including his social status. As a fractals king, Oedipus fits this part o f Aristotle criteria perfectly. Oedipus exhibits many of the qualities Aristotle literature â€Å"The Highhanded Man† requires, despite his lack of good fortune. Looking into the origins of the mod render hero allows one to ponder about his or her own morality. Oedipus was an Larson d admirable man; he appealed to the people, sought justice, and applied punishment where it w as deserved even Decoys 4 against himself. The wrongs he committed unknowingly were seemingly Univac addable, and every eve he made in between was aimed at goodness. How to cite Oedipus Rex, Papers Oedipus Rex Free Essays The Oral Presentation gave me a clear idea about how and what the author was trying to convey through his book. Not being from the time period at which the play was written made it difficult to interpret what Sophocles was trying to portray. Even though the presentation clarified most of my questions, I was still left pondering certain aspects of Oedipus Rex. We will write a custom essay sample on Oedipus Rex or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the book, the main question for me was if Oedipus really had control of his life or what he being controlled by the gods and fate. When Oedipus heard the prophecy for the first time, he tried to run away from it. That gives me inkling on Oedipus that tells me he believes in the prophecy and it will come to pass. When he really does kill his father without knowing and later tried to find the killer he says â€Å"Now my curse on the murderer. Whowever he is, a lone man unknown in his crime or one among many let that man drag out his life in agony† (Sophocles, 280 – 283). In reality he places that curse on himself and he really did spend the rest of his life in pain and agony as well as exile. In the presentation it shows the respect Greeks gave to the gods and elder as well as to their advice and wisdom. Also since they respected the gods, who were almighty, would punish you if you resisted their will. In the book it shows that because Oedipus killed his father, the plague started and until there has been justice and the man caught for the crime, the plague will keep killing people. In the presentation, it showed us that the plague was active during the time the play was written and it transfers over to the book because the author is trying to tell us that people were losing faith and thus causing plague which scared people to pin their hope on some higher power. In the book the chorus says that â€Å"great laws tower above us† (Sophocles, 957) which shows that people considered gods as the greatest Justice. That proves the fact that they respect the gods at the highest of level. This makes me want to learn more about their belief as well as what the prophecy meant to them. I also want to learn more about how the belief affected their everyday life and thoughts as well. That ends my thought on what I have learned from the presentation. The reflective essay also helped clear my thoughts on what I had learned from the presentation and sort out the facts. How to cite Oedipus Rex, Papers Oedipus Rex Free Essays Sophocles in Oedipus Rex introduces the horrors of veracity through the journey the tragic hero Oedipus takes on. This tragedy encompasses all the concepts of Aristotle’s Poetics in regards to a complex plot. According to Aristotle, a tragedy is an event that has to arouse pity and fear to the readers; Oedipus contains all the features of this demand. We will write a custom essay sample on Oedipus Rex or any similar topic only for you Order Now In terms of Oedipus’ tragedy, he’s seen as the cursed one who consequently has to suffer the tragic repercussions of fate. In Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, destiny persecutes Oedipus as it demonstrates elements such as his hubris that is exemplified through his behavior, his tragic flaws that is hamartia and the reversal of his tragic discovery that leads him to fulfill the prophecy. In Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, the author depicts Oedipus’ tragic flaw of hubris through his kingship in Thebes. His pride qualifies as Aristotle’s concept of a tragic character. Aristotle’s tragic character is defined as a character that must occupy a high status and also embody virtues. Aristotle defines Oedipus’ hubris as â€Å"his excessive pride that causes the hero to ignore a divine warning break of moral law† (Aristotle 43). Oedipus is confident about solving the murder of king Laius. His character’s self-belief is exemplified through this quote; â€Å"by the mouth of messengers, I have myself came hither, Oedipus, known far and wide by name (Sophocles 1)†. This demonstrates how Oedipus is confident in his popularity, because he was the one who solved the Sphinx’s riddle and therefore believes that he deserves immediate respect and recognition. Oedipus illustrates himself as being the only intelligent one in all of Thebes, â€Å"with [his] readiness to afford all aid; hard hearted must [he] be (Sophocles 1)†. This passage clearly exhibits his arrogance as it also clarifies his hubris, which, in in end, leads to his downfall. Furthermore, he speaks to people in a pretentious manner; â€Å"what you come see is known already – not unknown to me (Sophocles 3)†. This once again acts as an addition to Aristotle’s concept of hubris. Oedipus permits himself to freely behave with a highly conceded attitude that is exemplified through â€Å"Come to each singly; by at my once groans for the city, and for myself, and you,† (Sophocles 3). The structure of this quote indicates Oedipus’ high attitude towards the problems that dawn upon Thebes. Instead of showing his audience that his primary concerns re of himself, his focus is the security of the town. In doing so, it displays the tenacity of his pride and thinking he can save the city of Thebes by himself, yet also displaying his dedication, which can be seen as a heroic quality: â€Å"I [am] confident, nor prone to fear (Sophocles 4)†. His hubris is once again exemplified when questioning the blind man, Tiresias. This man is known to only speak the truth, and when threatened by Oedipus to express that knowledge about the murder, it leads to a tragedy, rather than enlightenment, in this plot. Tiresias reveals the truth to Oedipus because of his perseverance in uncovering the truth. As he lets his hubris blurry his sight by believing he was lied to by Tiresisas and Creon because he thinks he is too virtuous to have committed such actions. Oedipus rejects all possibilities of such and rather refers to it as a plan to try and throw him off his reign: â€Å"For you would rouse a very stone to wrath – will you not speak out ever but stand thus relentless and persistent (Sophocles 13)†. This passage shows that there is a lingering fear within the king’s mind. He uses the excuse that they are trying to overthrow him because he was the one who solved the riddle of the sphinx, which potentially means they were jealous of his position. Oedipus believes that by tricking him, they would reign over Thebes. Oedipus’ negligence in accepting responsibility, along with his surplus of pride leads to his refusal in accepting the truth and instead opts to blame others. Tiresias tells him â€Å" you censure; but your own, at home, you see not, and blame me! Sophocles 13)†: this shows that Tiresias has had it with Oedipus’ hubris and him not being able to accept the truth, foreshadowing that Oedipus’ greatness is a tragic harbinger of his fall. Oedipus pushed himself into his fate which destruction is brought upon him through his ruthless means and arrogance. Oedipus’ hubris is portrayed through his thoughts, words and actions which eventua lly begin to work against him. Oedipus’ egoism leads him to think that he is perfect in everything, however, his superior attitude leads him to what Aristotle defines as one of the key points of a tragedy; hamartia. Aristotle’s meaning of hamartia is defined as â€Å"the change of fortune should be not from bad to good, reversely from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty in a character either such as we have described or better rather than worse (Aristotle 23). In Oedipus’ case, hamarita is seen when he wants to know the truth but also plays a role in leading to his downfall . The notion of hamartia is seen during Oedipus’ discussion with Tiresias: when the blind prophet reveals the truth to him. Oedipus disagrees with Tiresias’ statement, as he proclaims, â€Å"For I shall not be found a murderer (Sophocles 21)†. This passage indicates that he can’t be seen as the man who has killed the former king, although his determined search for the truth will uncover to him that that is exactly what he is. Because of this discussion, Tiresias abandons the scene thereby leaving Oedipus alone in his frustration, â€Å"this be the last time I shall gaze on thee, who am revealed to have nee born of those of whom I ought not – to have wedded whom I ought to be – and slain who I might not slay! (Sophocles 42)†. Oedipus believes he has evaded fate, but ironically he has fulfilled everything the oracle had explained to him, and it is is hamartia, his search for the truth that has pushed him to these realizations. Subsequently, he consults his wife Jocasta by telling her that Tiresias condemned him and revealed his prophecy. Jocasta, already knowing the truth, attempts to persuade him by giving up his search. However, because of his hamartia, Oedipus does not stop his search he continues with his attempts at finding out the truth about the prophecy of him killing his father and sleeping with his mother. This is seen as Oedipus’ annoyance of the truth, â€Å"more miserable than I am? Who on earth could have been born with more of hate from heaven? (Sophocles 29)†. This passage shows Oedipus’ realization that perhaps the prophet was right. â€Å"I am at the horror (Sophocles 41)†, indicates that Oedipus, beginning to panic, decides to consult the old man who knows the events. His hamartia is that which compels him to do so. However, the prophet refuses to say anything, so Oedipus says, â€Å"tell me the whole truth, or you will come to it! (Sophocles 41)†. Oedipus is once again arrogant in discovering the truth, but still seeks it. The old man, threatened for his life, begins to tell the tale of the patricide, â€Å"†¦and I hear. But I must hear – no less (Sophocles 41)†. The truth is out there now; Oedipus has uncovered the mystery of the murderer. It is Oedipus’ actions that bring things into motion, but it is his fate, pride and his hamartia, as he relentlessly wants the truth, that lead him to his downfall. Oedipus’ ignorance comes from his fear concerning the appalling horror of the possible truth and its devastating implications. This falls into the category of Aristotle’s concept in what makes a good tragedy; peripeteia. Aristotle defines it as the â€Å"reversal of the situation [which] is a change by which the action veers round to its opposite† (Aristotle 20). This concept is the reversal of a situation, which is the transition from ignorance to knowledge. The situations encompass scenes of suffering and of painful actions. In Oedipus’ case, his downfall is where he finally realizes that his prophecy of â€Å"self-slain† (Sophocles 44) was predestined to occur. Peripeteia, necessary for a complex plot, occurs when he realizes this, as we see in that quote. By this truth being actually understood, all consequences fall into place for Oedipus. First off, Jocasta, Oedipus’ wife and mother, knew the truth about Oedipus all along; she even pierced his tendons when he was younger so he couldn’t run away when she put him in a forest. After she found out that Oedipus discovered the truth, she locked herself in the bedroom alone and hung herself, â€Å"for whom it was impossible to watch, the ending of her misery (Sophocles 45)†. Oedipus is slowly introduced to the miseries of this truth; â€Å"say where he could find his wife – no wife, rather the [dead-corpse] of his mother (Sophocles 45)†. With his mother/wife dead, he could no longer handle the outcome of what his life came to be, so he no longer knows how to act, and is compelled to doing the most extreme of actions: â€Å"what followed; snatching from her dress gold pins wherewith she was adorned, he lifted them, and smote the nerves of his own eyeballs, saying that they should see no more (Sophocles 45)†. Oedipus could not put up with the realization; so instead, he opted to remove his sight. He could no longer bear the physical world and chose to focus on the psychological torment that accompanies the contemplation of the truth: â€Å"What deity was it that with a leap so great – farther than farthest – sprang on thy sad fate? Woe is me, woe is me for thee – unfortunate! (Sophocles 46)†. As blood is shrieking out of his eyes, he blinds himself in agony, demonstrating that nothing is worse than looking at the miserable truth. The irony is that even though he no longer has sight; he can now finally see the truth of the prophecy. As said when he was king, whoever the murderer was to be exiled from Thebes, so in order to fulfill this statement, he asks Creon, the new king â€Å"lead me to exile straight; Lead me, O my friends, the worst of murderers, or mortals most accurst, yea and to Gods chief object of their hate. (Sophocles 48)†. In addition to the demand of exile, he also asks Creon to take care of his daughters, as he can no longer bear the sight f them: â€Å"Knowing what is left of bitter in the life which at men’s hands you needs must henceforth live (Sophocles 53)†. This shows that Oedipus is talking to his daughters and telling them the truth, which is that no one will want to marry them because they were born from an incestuous marriage and because of this, they will be excluded from this society: the horrors of his actions cease to stop. Oedipus is then exiled from the city, expressing â€Å"to Gods, above all men, I am a mark for hat (Sophocles 53)†. Oedipus loses his sight and family, exiled from the city of Thebes, but gains the truth and lives in humility. Oedipus’ hubris was a mixture of rage and pride that unfortunately was possessed. The Greeks believed that this sin was grave and one of the most dangerous because people with such pride thought that they were above the Gods. Seeing that Oedipus’ arrogance is so strong as a consequent it led to his downfall. Therefore the result of hubris led him to a tragic fate. It is only when Oedipus’ plucks out his eyes that he returns to a human state. Oedipus’ character brings out his hubris, hamartia and recognition that enable it to fit under the concept of Aristotle’s complex plot. How to cite Oedipus Rex, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Immigration and Nation Building

Question: Discuss about the Immigration and Nation Building. Answer: In Australia, there is a progressive immigration system that mainly aims at reducing the shortage of skilled labor. The country has a Subclass 457 work visa which is a temporary work visa. This visa permits Australian employers to sponsor workers from overseas for a given time ranging from one day to four years. All applicants for the 457 work visa must meet the set requirements for English language. This means that Wang has to undergo English language testing. The English language requirements that Wang must meet were changed on April 18th 2015 which require Wang to attain an average band score in majority of the tests provided as well as a minimal band score in every component. As per these changes, Wang is expected to score an average of 5 in the four proficiencies of the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) which include writing, reading, listening and speaking. If Wang attains in each category a minimum average score of 4.5 he will be mandated. Apart from the IELTS test, the Australian immigration department is also accepting the Cambridge English: Advanced test (CAE), the test of English as a Foreign Language internet-based test (TOEFL iBT), the Occupational English Test (OET), and the Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE). The validity of these tests is three years. Below is a table summarizing the scores for the tests. Test Minimum Band Score Minimum score for individual components Writing Speaking Listening Reading CAE Overall band score 154 147 147 147 147 IELTS Overall band score 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 TOEFL iBT Total band score 36 12 12 3 3 PTE Overall band score 36 30 30 30 30 OET N/A B B B B During the application process, it is not a must Wang to undergo the English testing process. This will only occur if Wang has completed five years of education at the tertiary or secondary level, or if he holds a passport from USA, Ireland, New Zealand, Canada or UK. If Wang and Tran agreed to go ahead with this arrangement they will be braking the migration act of 1958. As per this act, it is unacceptable for Tran as the sponsor to make a personal gain over a payment for visa arrangement. If they go ahead with the agreement, Tran will face criminal penalties. Wang and Tran will receive penalties of up to $324,000 or get a two-year term imprisonment. Moreover, Tran will face civil penalties of up to $216,000. On top of these penalties if Wang and Tran hold a visa, either permanent or temporary, it will be subject to cancellation. If Ada is to apply for migration to Australia under the skilled visa, she will have to apply through the visa 189. This visa is for people who are among a list of critical occupations, the SOL. The processing time for this visa is 12 months. This visa, is based on a points system for people who are not sponsored by a state an employer, or a family member. The 189 will allow Ada to live and work permanently anywhere and Australia. A person can only request a visa invitation 189. To be invited, Ada must submit an EOI, have a job listed on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL), perform an assessment of competence, have less than 50 years, complete the language criteria, and collect a minimum of 60 to test points. Under the new program of Australian skilled, SkillSelect, Ada must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) before the processing her visa. SkillSelect system functions as an electronic processes running in two stages. Ada must first submit a request for migration "skilled workers" through a declaration of interest online. Following this, candidates will then be invited to submit an application for Australian visa on the foundation of their expression of interest. Moreover, before making the application, Ada must ensure she is under 50 at the time she make the request, must have worked at least 12 of the last 24 months before she applies. She also must ensure that she has a good level of English (IELTS being the reference), and pass an exam to show her level of professional competence. Lastly, she must ensure that she has worked in one of the positions listed by the Australian Government, and must have at least 60 points in developed migration test. Before undergoing the process of application, Ada must ensure that she has travel documents, birth registration documents, relationship and marriage documents, genuine relationship evidence, details of dependent family members, and evidence of parental responsibility. In the travel documents, Ada must include photos of current travel documents or passport(s). Ada has to have birth registration documents for her and other family members. The documents must show names of both parents. If Adas son is adopted, she should also ensure that she has the adoption papers ready. Ada is married to Wang. Therefore, Ada has to ensure that she has their marriage certificate. If she or her husband has ever been divorced or windowed, she should provide the divorce decree absolute or the death certificate. Once Ada is prompted to make visa application, she has 60 days to complete online. Ada may as well be in Australia or outside at the time of application. Invitations are based on the facts presented at the EOI. At the request of the visa, Adas information will be matched with those of her EOI and be supported by evidence. The 189 visa is now chosen by many skilled workers around the world who live in their country but wish to immigrate to Australia. Although the approaches and the wait are relatively long, they are much less that a few years ago. The code for Adas occupation of pediatric nurse is ANZSCO 254425. The code includes any program that prepares registered nurses to provide care to children from birth through adolescence. These programs include courses in: administration of medications and treatments, help to physicians, examination and removal of patients, planning and conduct educational programs on health and health maintenance. The ANZSCO 254425 code dictates that before a pediatric nurse can treat patients, a license is required. License is granted by the Board of the National Council of State Nurses and candidates are required to pass the licensing exam of the National Council. The examination will test the knowledge of the nurse in patient care, safety and infection control, psychosocial and other topics related to breastfeeding. As per the code, Ada should have of one or more of the following is required at time of application: ETG, nursing basic court Trauma (TNCC), nursing pediatric emergency court (ENPC), neonatal resuscitation, PALS, ECG interpretation, non-violent intervention in emergencies, verbalization following a serious incident, specialty nursing certification (emergency, maternal and child health, pediatrics, intensive care), low back injury prevention program and basic skills in computer science. For this specialty, as per ANZSCO it is imperative to obtain the status of " Registered Nurse " in Australia. For migrants with a state nurse-nursing degree, this status is awarded after a thorough evaluation of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Accreditation Council (Anmac). Ada will probably score between 120 to 100 points. Ada will earn 40 points to 60 points depending on the position and qualifications. 15 extra points if she is on the MODL list (migration occupations in demand list), high demand occupations list. 30 points because she is aged 35 and below. 5 extra points since the spouse can meet the basic criteria (level of English, recognition of diplomas and professional experience, age). 25 points if she gets at least 7 IELTS test (instead of 15 if you reach 6, the minimum level required). However, since she has a family member living in Australia, her points reduce little. All visa applicants including Ada must pay 186 3520 AU $ as of 1 September 2013 (against 3,050 previously) to file an application (called "initial application loads"). To this we must add 1,760 AU $ 880 per additional adult and AU $ per child under 18 years. Employers side, they will have to prove they have a full-time position and available for the next two years. The cost of the appointment is $ 540 AU for the "Stream Direct Entry", the position is located in the region or city, 540 dollars for the "Temporary Residence Transition Stream" if the station is in town. Otherwise, the appointment is free, just like the "Agreement Stream". Once obtained, the 186 visa permits to live and work permanently in Australia, to study it, to access Medicare (Social Security), sponsor of others for permanent residence, and to come and go Australia for 5 years. If Ada want to continue the adventure after this time, she will get the "Resident Return Visa" or apply for citizenship. The visa 187 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) follows the same principles and that the visa costs 186, except that it must live and work in regional Australia. Ada can apply after two in an enterprise via the "Temporary Residence Transition Stream" immediately via the "Stream Direct Entry" or finally via the "Agreement Stream". Regional Australia is simple, it is the whole country except the Gold Coast, Brisbane, Newcastle, Sydney, Wollongong and Melbourne. Ada will also pay the agency responsible for assessing skills (prices may vary depending on the organization, from 500 to 1000 approximately AU $), pass the Test of English for her and Wang. For him or her, just a "proof of functional English", i.e. a score of only 4.5 out of 9 in each category (written, oral, reading comprehension, listening comprehension). For Ada, it will reach a minimum score of 6 to 9, knowing it relates score 0 points vis--vis immigration. If Ada need points, you will get 7 of 9 (10 points) or 8 of 9 (20 points). Bibliography Askola, Heli,Demographic Transformations Of Citizenship(Cambridge Univ Press, 2016) Crock, Mary and Laurie Berg,Immigration, Refugees And Forced Migration (Federation, 2011) Guild, Elspeth and Sandra Mantu,Constructing And Imagining Labour Migration(Routledge, 2016) Hampshire, David,Living Working In Australia(Survival Books, 2013) Lemmin-Woolfrey, Ulrike and James M Lane,Living Abroad In Australia(Avalon Travel, 2013) Markus, Andrew and Moshe Semyonov,Immigration And Nation Building (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010)

Saturday, March 28, 2020

Maya Angelou free essay sample

This poem is written with Maya Angelou herself as the speaker. She is speaking to her audience of oppressors about how she has overcome racism, criticism, sexism, and personal obstacles in her life with pride and grace. This poem is historically rooted with the mentions of slavery, a â€Å"past of pain,† and â€Å"gifts of ancestors,† however she is speaking in the present having overcome all of the hardships of her past and embarking on the rest of her journey with the knowledge that she is a strong African American woman. Still I Rise is about overcoming oppression with grace and pride, having no sympathy for the oppressors and giving to validity to the reasons for oppression. There is rhyme every other line for most of the poem that immediately guides the reader through the poem. The phrases â€Å"I rise† and â€Å"Still I rise† are used repetetively throughout the poem to show that the speaker continues to overcome each situation of oppression and each oppressor. We will write a custom essay sample on Maya Angelou or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Imagery is dominant in this poem, especially after Angelou questions her oppressors. She gives the us images like â€Å"I walk like I’ve got oil wells /Pumping in my living room† and â€Å"Shoulders falling down like teardrops† and † I dance like I’ve got diamonds/ At the meeting of my thighs. † There is also the repeating image of air and dust rising. Much of her imagery is conveyed through similes and metaphors. This usuage of figurative languages gives us a very clear picture of what Angelou means and usually conveys a strong emotion. For example, when Angelou says â€Å"Shoulders falling down like teardrops,† we get an image of drooping shoulders (like the shape of a tear) and the tear itself is immediately associated with sadness. The two of these combined makes the images even stronger. The poem is more a narrative than anything else because Angelou interacts with her audience as she talks about the highs and lows of her life and history. The main symbol throughout the poem is that of rising dust. For dust to rise, it must be unsettled from the ground in some way and then forms a dust cloud. But once the dust has been unsettled from the ground, it can leave and RISE. This can be applied to Angelou’s overcome of the obstacles and her oppressors on the â€Å"ground† and rising above them all, unsettling and challenging the oppression. This poem has a very certain seriousness to it, but Angelou brings in her pride as an African American woman and injects playful images into the poem when questioning her oppressors. The stanzas that have questions show the direct relationship between the speaker and the audience, Angelou and her oppressors, and allows the reader to put themselves in the heat of the discussion and in the heart of the poem. The tone is one of sureness, pride, and grace. This online analysis says that the â€Å"you† that the poem is speaking to is the white race and that the â€Å"I† is the black race. This analysis says that the poem is a discussion between black and white, where the black, with Maya Angelou speaking, is taking pride in her heritage and what she has come from and intimidating the white race. This analysis says that â€Å"Maya is pretentiously assuring the audience that she will ‘rise† to any occasion and her color won’t hold her back. † After reading this analysis, I agree with the â€Å"you† being the white race. I thought before that the â€Å"you† had been specific to her own life, but this interpretation makes sense with the multiple references to slavery.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Legal Canadian Smoking Age by Province and Territory

Legal Canadian Smoking Age by Province and Territory The legal smoking age in Canada is the age at which a person is allowed to buy tobacco products, including cigarettes. The legal smoking age in Canada is set by each province and territory in Canada. Buying tobacco is split more or less evenly between age 18 and age 19 across Canadas provinces and territories: Legal Smoking Age in the Provinces and Territories of Canada   Alberta - 18British Columbia - 19Manitoba - 18New Brunswick - 19Newfoundland and Labrador - 19Northwest Territories - 18Nova Scotia - 19Nunavut - 18Ontario - 19Prince Edward Island - 19Quebec - 18Saskatchewan - 18Yukon Territory - 18 Selling tobacco is tightly regulated in most areas. In Ontario, for instance, the seller, whose age is not regulated, must request identification from any person who appears to be younger than 25 years old, and the seller must determine that the prospective buyer is at least 19 years old before selling tobacco products to that person. Smoking Is Banned in Indoor Public Spaces As of 2010, all territories and provinces and the federal government have enacted relatively consistent legislation banning public smoking in their jurisdictions. The legislation bans smoking in indoor public spaces and workplaces such as restaurants, bars, and casinos. The federal governments ban applies to federal workplaces and to federally regulated businesses such as airports. There is growing support for raising the minimum legal smoking age to 21  across the country to make access to tobacco more difficult and tamp down tobacco-related illness and deaths.  About 37,000 people die in Canada every year from a smoking-related illness. The Movement to Raise Legal Smoking Age to 21 The federal government suggested in early 2017 moving the legal smoking age to 21. The  idea of raising the minimum smoking age was put forward in a Health Canada paper considering ways to reach a 5 percent national smoking rate by 2035. In 2017, it stood at 13 percent. The federal government is reportedly not ruling out the possibility of raising the minimum smoking age to 21. The intent would be to try and reduce the number of young people picking up the habit. Federal Health Minister Jane Philpott said,  It’s time to push the envelope. What are those next steps? We’ve put out some bold ideas, things like raising the age of access. Things like putting restrictions in terms of multiperson dwellings. We want to hear what Canadians think about those [ideas].† Cancer Society Supports Raising the Minimum Age The  Canadian Cancer Society  says it  supports the idea of setting a federal smoking age of 21. Rob Cunningham, a senior policy analyst with the society, says he believes raising the smoking age is an inevitability and cites a 2015 study by the US National  Institute of Medicine, which suggests that raising the legal smoking age to 21 could drop the smoking rate by roughly 12 percent and eventually reduce smoking-related deaths by 10 percent. Study Shows Drop in Smokers In the first quarter of 2017, the national group Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada (PSC) released its health survey on 2000–2014 tobacco use in Canada.  During this period, there was an overall 1.1 million drop in the number of Canadian  smokers, while  the number of smokers ages 15 to 19 also dropped but remained substantial. The percentage of Canadians who smoked fell by one-quarter, from 26% of Canadians aged 12 or older to 19%.  Over the  2000–2014 study period, the  majority of people ages 20 to 29 who have ever smoked reported smoking their first cigarette between the age of 15 and 19, while the percentage of those who reported their first cigarette over the age of 20 increased slightly from 7 percent to 12 percent.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Social responsibility as part of the Livity youth marketing agency Essay

Social responsibility as part of the Livity youth marketing agency - Essay Example Society expects corporations to get involved in the community and to act in a socially responsible manner. Customers support companies that are ethical in their dealings with internal and external stakeholders. Social responsibility can be defined as the principle that businesses should contribute to the welfare of society and not be solely devoted to maximizing profits (Investopedia, 2012). A company that believes in the value and importance of social responsibility is the Livity youth marketing agency. â€Å"Livity is a socially responsible youth communications agency that works directly with young people every day to produce co-created campaigns and content for brands, broadcasters, charities and local and central government that achieve client objectives† (Livity, 2012). The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate ways to achieve social responsibility at Livity. The organization performs advertising campaigns to a diverse group of corporate clients including Google, BlackB erry, C4, Virgin Media and Big Lottery Fund. A way for the company to improve its social responsibility program is by donating the time of its employees to work on projects for nonprofit organizations. The company can set a quota of how many hours it will donate during a fiscal year. Nonprofit organizations interested in labor donations must file an application with the administration of Livity. The expertise of the team at Livity can help a lot of these organizations get noticed by the community. The operations of Livity currently use a lot of paper. Deforestation is a serious environmental problem that must be addressed by corporations worldwide. â€Å"The net loss of the world’s forests is estimated at 7.3 million hectares per year† (Facingthefuture). Some of the causes of deforestation are fires, industrial consumption and population growth. The United States, Europe and Japan consume approximately 22% of the paper worldwide. Livity can take a stance to act in a so cially responsible manner if it changes its paper utilization policy. The company can formulate a long term plan with the ultimate goal being to transform the company into a paperless environment. The use of technological tools is essential for companies to switch from traditional paper usage to a paperless office. A way to train employees to learn how to work in a paperless environment is to expose employees to virtual teams. A virtual team convenes and operates with members linked together electronically via networked computers (Schermerhorn, Hunt and Osborn, 2003). A simple first step to apply social responsibility to paper usage is to purchase only recycled paper. Another option for the company is to substitute the use of pulp based paper with another material. A company in Australia called Papyrus Australia Ltd (PPY) invented a new form of paper called banana ply paper. Banana ply paper is a new form of paper made out of the trunks of banana trees. The trunks of banana trees ar e a renewable source. Livity can negotiate a partnership with Papyrus Australia to license the manufacturing process in order to produce banana ply paper to supply the yearly needs of Livity. An environmentally friendly and socially responsible action that Livity can take is to sponsor a recycling program in the community. The company can set up a recycling program with the scope of covering an area of 100 square miles around the corporate headquarters office. In the future the target is to increment the reach of the program to 500 and 1,000 miles from the corporate headquarters. Some of the materials that will be picked from the homes of the participants of the program are paper, plastic and aluminum. The people that recycle must separate each material into separate bags. The company will also perform recycling in-house.